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A path to citizenship for approximately 11 million undocumented immigrants will be created, with "provisional legal status" and a green card as intermediary steps, even if security measures in the borders are not yet tightened. By registering, passing background checks and paying fees and penalties, undocumented immigrants can earn provisional legal status. "Provision legal status" immigrants can apply for permanent residency behind other immigrants already in system. Application for citizenship will be possible for immigrants 5 years after they have received permanent residency.
Infrastructures at port entries will be improved and investment in technology for foreign visitor processing will be boosted through the use of public-private partnerships. New criminal penalties are created for human traffickers, smugglers of drugs, money or weapons across the border and tighter measures against passport and visa fraud. Simplify the process of removal for those who overstay their visas or pose a threat to national security and deport convicted criminals at the end of their prison sentences.
Path to citizenship is created for approximately 11 million undocumented immigrants already in the country but border security measure must be completed first. A commission of lawmakers and border-state community leaders is created to make recommendations about when security measures are completed. Undocumented immigrants can register, pass background checks and pay fines and back taxes to earn "probationary legal status" while security measures are underway.Immigrants om "probationary legal status can apply for permanent residency once security measures are in place behind other immigrants already in the system after they prove their employment history and learn English and civics.
Resolving the growing problem with our current system's broken immigration policy is an urgent matter that concerns all of us. Below are a few facts that illistrate how important it is to strengthen our immigration system:
Many of the U.S.A.'s brightest scientists and thinkers are immigrants. More than 29% of our scientists, 50% of our PhDs in mathematics and computer science and 57% of PhDs in engineering are immigrants.
One third of the 1990s patenting per capita were the work of immigrants according to National Bureau of Economic Research. Such innovation hass contributed to increasing U.S. GDP by 2.4 percent. 25% of public U.S. companies were backed by venture capital investors.
A study conducted at the University of California concluded that the wages of native college-educated workers will increase by 4 to 6 percent when the share of foreign scientist and engineers in the U.S. workforce increase.
Canada and Mexico together account for a third of our country's exports in 2012 and over $3 billion in trade per day in 2012. Truly, strengthening our immigration system makes trade with our neighbors more efficient.
Travel and tourism is responsible for 7.7 million jobs in the 3rd quarter alone of 2012 as well as a record $168.1 billion in exports. China, Brazil and India represent about 40% of the world's population and the number of tourists from these countries will increase by 259%, 83% and 47% respectively.